Examination of Rāśi Chart
What are the areas we need study in the kṣetra? These include primarily the nature, health and longevity of the native and then we can go into the various areas of his life from each of the houses and their lords. We start with longevity which is the most important of the three as life is everything (sarva) and death is nothing (śūnya).
Life is Light
Life is light and death is akin to darkness. Sunrise and lagna are equated with life while sunset and 7th bhāva are equated with death. Light is called divu in Sanskrit which is also the root for the word deva or devatā.
Light of the Deva
The word jyotiṣa includes light (jyoti) and a source of enlightenment (iṣa). The source of the light is called deva. Most scholars misinterpret the word ‘Deva’ as meaning ‘God’. In reality, there are 33 deva’s with about 330 million forms. The word is derived from the root divu that has ten meanings which define the purpose of a deva. Nirukta defines Deva as that which (a) confers benefits (dānada) (b) illumines (dīpanada) or (c) is the source of such knowledge or illumination (dyutanad). Thus, translating deva as God is conceptually incorrect and a reference as ‘demi-god’ would be more apt. This view is further confirmed without an iota of doubt in the Aitereya Brāhmaṇa as well as the Satapatha Brāhmaṇa. The natural question is ‘if Deva’s are not Gods, then who or what are the Deva’s and in what manner are they linked to Jyotish’?
Satapatha Brāhmaṇa 14.16:
katame te trayastriṁśat iti aṣṭau vasavaḥ|
ekādaśa rudrā dvādaśādityāḥ ta ekatriṁśat
indra’caiva prajāpatiśca trayastriṁśāviti||
Translation: (We) speak of the thirty-three (deva) of which (a) eight vasus, (b) eleven rudrā and (c) twelve ādityā add up to thirty-one; (d) indra and (e) prajāpati included bring their number to thirty-three.
We have a list of 33 devas that guide the entire process of creation, sustenance and destruction. These include
Asta Vasava or the eight perennial sources of light, which are associated with the process of sustenance, experience and learning for the atma (soul). The number eight is crucial as it links these eight lights to the eight spokes of the Kala Chakra (also known as Kota Chakra) and the eight Chara Karaka which represent the individual soul and the other souls that interact with it in the learning process. At the level of the Atma (soul) life is nothing but a learning process where every soul, be in the body of a human being, animal or any creature is constantly interacting and sharing knowledge in a learning process indicated by the relationship between Jupiter (teacher) and Mercury (student). This is the understanding, which goes into Varahamihira’s vīryotkaṭā principle or Jaimini’s second source of strength.
Dvādasa Āditya or the twelve sun signs are the fields of knowledge and source of material benefits for the maintainence of the created being.
Indra is the king of the devas just as the Atmakaraka is the king of the horoscope.
Prajapati is the creator and represents Brahma in his creative aspect.
Ekadaśa Rudra or the eleven destroyers are associated with the destruction of the creation and the created being. Of these, one shall be Maheśvara (Shiva) responsible for delivering the soul from the bondage of the mind (mana) while the remaining ten shall be responsible for the protection of the body.
Phalīta jyotiśa has two aspects – (1) the study of the real spiritual being and the learning process where the aṣṭa vasavaḥ and indra are involved, which we consider is the first principle of jyotiśa śastra, and (2) the study of the field where the entire learning process, survival and sustenance of the created being is carried out where the Dvādasa Āditya and all other devas come into the picture, which we consider is the third principle of jyotiśa śastra.
Ayur jyotiśa is the study of the period of sustenance in this material universe as well as the period for the return of the individual soul to its spiritual master. The former is controlled by the rudra while the latter is specifically controlled by maheśvara (śiva). Brahma (prajapati) also comes into the picture and these twelve devas (ekadaśa rudra and prajapati) weild all control in this aspect, which we consider is the second principle of jyotiśa śastra.
In this workshop we shall study the rudra and prajapati for getting a deeper uderstanding of the life and death process.
Satapatha Brāhmaṇa 14.16:
katame rudrā iti| daśeme puruṣe praṇā ātmaikādaśaḥ tekatame rudrā iti|
daśeme puruṣe praṇā ātmaikādaśaḥ te
yadasmat martyāccharīradutkrāmanti atha rodantiyadasmat martyāccharīradutkrāmanti atha rodanti
tad tad rodayanti tasmād rudrā iti|tad tad rodayanti tasmād rudrā iti|
The eleven Rudra are defined as devas. Ten of these Rudra are like huge bull elephants holding the ‘Prāṇa’ (vital life force or air) within the body that sustains the breathing and life. Their nature is akin to Marut or storm god and in a sense like Vayu (the air element or the wind god). The eleventh Rudra is Maheśvara and is responsible for the Atma (soul). These are called Rudra from the root Rud meaning to weep as their ‘going away’ results in the death of the native and the near and dear ones weep. These eleven Rudra (including Maheśvara) are responsible for the destruction of everything that has been created and form the second principle of Jyotish. Their ‘going away’ causes the Tattva to separate and the body disintegrates. The first to leave under normal conditions is vayu (vital breath/air/gas), which is ruled by Saturn. Hence, Saturn becomes the Ayus karaka or the significator of longevity and the spiritual discipline of prāṇāyāma (retaining vital breath) results in long life and good health.
In the first stage, there is the destruction of the physical body by the ‘going away’ of any of the ten Rudra. In physical terms, this means the separation of the Mana (and Atma) from the body. Thereafter the Atma (soul) is separated from the Mana (mind) by Maheśvara (Shiva) the eleventh Rudra. The two nodes of the Moon called Rahu & Ketu are the destroyers. Rahu has the responsibility of destroying the Luminaries and the signs (Dvādasa Āditya). Ketu destroys the material creation represented by the Pancha Tattva (in Jyotish the five planets Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus and Saturn) and the Nakshetra. The Rudra can be viewed as the binding forces in any created being, both living and non-living. They symbolize the strength of God and are the strength of the created because their going away results in the weakness of the body and it is destroyed.
Jaimini Upadeśa: Sūtra 2.1.35
Translation: The stronger of the lords of the eighth house from the ascendant or the seventh house in Rudra (the destroyer).
Jaimini Upadeśa: Sūtra 2.1.36
Translation: Between the two lords (of the eighth house), malefics association and aspects can make the weaker one Rudra.
The lord of the eighth house from (a) Lagna or (b) seventh house, whichever is stronger qualifies as the Rudra. Here the strength of the ascendant or seventh house is not of paramount consideration but that of the lords of the eighth houses from these houses. The lords of the eighth houses are the lords of the second and eighth house. Whichever of these two lords of the second and eighth house are stronger, shall qualify for the position of Rudra. Jaimini adds a rider in advising us to use the fourth source of strength of signs in saying that if the weaker of the two lords of 2nd/8th house is afflicted by a larger number of natural malefics, it can become the Rudra.
At this stage we ignore all these complications and just consider the 8th house as the giver of longevity and its lord is Rudra.
Indra & Prajāpati
katama indraḥ katama prajāpati| stanayitnurevendro yagya prajapatiriti|
Yajña is the worship or praise for Prajāpati the progenitor. This is the fourth principle of Jyotiṣa and is called Lagna or the ascendant representing the seat of Prajāpati the progenitor and the ‘praise worthy one’. He is the (physical) creator of all beings and is a form of Brahma. He is praised with the Gayatri mantra for His excellent service to all creation.
Maharsi Jaimini has an elaborate method of calculating Brahma (graha) from the stronger of the lords of dusthana (6th, 8th 12th), whichever is in an odd house. Such a graha symbolises the strongest sin that causes rebirth. However, for our purpose, we stick to the lagna lord as the representative of the creator’s powers.
Indra (Ātmakāraka, the King)
Stanayitnu means thunder or lightening and refers to the electrical impulses that are used by the brain to control the senses. Indra is the demigod controlling the senses and the working of the brain as well as the intelligence of all creation. Parāśara refers to Him as the deity of Jupiter. It seems most logical as Jupiter rules the ‘dhī śaktī’ or intelligence in a being, and Indra is the final authority controlling and guiding this intelligence using His weapon vajra (electrical impulses represented by lightening).
He is represented by the Ātmakāraka in a horoscope as He is the king of the devas. It is during the periods of Jupiter that one has reverence for the Iṣṭa devatā (Parāśara). His throne is in the tenth house of the horoscope, which indicates the heavens (Svarga). Indra is the real personification of the native himself, as it is the soul of the chart.
Method of Three Kings
We have learnt that the three critical houses for matters of longevity are the (A) Lagna, (B) 8th bhāva (Āyus) and (C) 10th bhāva (Karma). These houses represent the thrones of (A) Earth, called bhū-loka, (B) Intermediate region, called bhuva-loka and (C) Heavens called svarga-loka respectively.
|Bhū||Earth||1, 2, 3, 4||1 Lagna||Prajāpati|
|Bhuva||Inter||5, 6, 7, 8||8 Ayus||Rudra|
|Svarga||Heaven||9, 10, 11, 12||10 Karma||Indra|
Mars owns the 1st & 8th houses and is exalted in the 10th house. The houses coming into the picture of longevity estimation are the Lagna, 8th and 10th houses. The first step in longevity estimation is to examine the Lagna, eighth and tenth houses and their lords. If these lords are strong, and houses are owned and conjoined by natural benefics then long life is indicated. Let us examine some of the aphorisms in the light of this knowledge. The Sun is the natural Atmakaraka and giver of life for all beings. The relationship of these planets to the Sun should be considered. The Sun owns the fifth house of the natural zodiac. This brings the fifth house and lord into the reckoning of longevity as a secondary consideration to the three houses/lords mentioned above. A majority of the canons on Balāriṣta Yoga in the classical literature are based on the above principle of the ‘method of three lords’ and some substitute the 5th lord for the 10th lord clearly indicating the relevance of the advise of Maharishi Jaimini. A checklist is given under as an aid –
If the lord is in a kendra, panapara or apoklimas it will indicate long, middle and short life respectively.
- If the lord is friendly, neutral or inimical to the Sun, it will indicate long, middle and short life respectively.
- If the lord is in the sign of a friend (or own), neutral or enemy, it will indicate long, middle and short life respectively. Exaltation is a sign of strength and debility is a sign of weakness.
- If the lord is in the navāṁśa of a friend (or own), neutral or enemy, it will indicate long, middle and short life respectively. Here again, exaltation is a sign of strength and debility is a sign of weakness.
Balāriṣta Yoga – Illustration
Chart 1: Case#1 Rasi Chart
On October 4, 2002 this girl’s distressed mother writes, “ I have a daughter for whose natal chart one of our friends had contacted you some months ago. While all the pundits had predicted very bright things for her only you could predict that there are health related problems. You had told us that if she survives till September 12, 2002 contact me again. She required surgery immediately after birth but we postponed till Sep-12. Now the surgeries are due and we are in great dilemma whether we should go about them as they are critical and the doctors don’t predict anything good though the child looks healthy and progressing well except for her legs, which look weak (you had said you would advice what needs to be done for it). I shall be very grateful for an early reply pertaining to how her future shall be and what else needs to be done. You had advised for ‘Maha Mṛtyunjaya Jap’, which was performed! Will she be healthy and independent? We are very worried and going through a very rough time!”
Let us take a recap into the initial analysis. On the first examination of a chart, look at the lord of Lagna. Lagna Lord is in the 8th house of chronic diseases and its dispositor, the 8th Lord Saturn is also in a dusthana afflicted by Rāhu. If the dispositor of the Lagna lord is in a dusthana, ill health is sure to follow during its period. Added to this is the fact that these planets are two of the crucial trio controlling longevity. Look at the Vimsottari daśa from Moon (for health purposes this is advised irrespective of other factors).
Sat MD: 1986-03-22 (14:46:08) – 2005-03-22 (11:42:29) Antardaśa in this MD: Rah: 1999-11-06 (18:05:10) – 2002-09-12 (20:40:48); Jup: 2002-09-12 (20:40:48) – 2005-03-22 (11:42:29)
Saturn daśa Rāhu antardaśa was to continue till September 12, 2002 and this was to prove to be a very difficult and dangerous period. Both these planets aspect the third house from Āruḍha Lagna (cause of death) and threaten premature death due to disease (Saturn). Rāhu was sure to cause a wrong diagnosis especially when sitting in the 12th house of secret enemies and undoing. The third planet among the longevity trio, the tenth Lord Jupiter is placed in Lagna, in a kendra in strength in retrogression and in a debilitated navāṁśa. Retrogression would imply reversed results and the debilitation would get cancelled due to ‘chesta bala’ of the planet. Parāśara teaches that a single Jupiter placed in lagna is the best antidote against a host of evils just as a sincere bow to Lord Siva the trident holder, causes a million sins to be forgiven. Accordingly, they were told about the dangers and the remedy was suggested. The parents also named her after Shiva. The additional point to be noted is that the Lagna is vargottama indicating the blessings of Lord Shiva and the applicability of Satabdika daśa for the theme of life. This confirms the blessings of Sri Tryambakkeśvara (Siva). Although there is a Sakata Yoga between the Moon and Jupiter, the latter being in Lagna breaks this to form a Mukuta Yoga. She will get out of all these problems and rise and shine.
On October 5, 2002 we replied, “The most evil time is over and in my estimate the antardaśā of Guru has come. Irrespective of what the doctors till now have said, I think that they have been misled due to some ‘false report’ or a peculiar way of Rāhu to divert the mind in the wrong direction. Choosing a Wednesday, visit the doctor and seek fresh opinion. The operation should also be done only on a Wednesday between 4-30 PM to 6.00 PM in the afternoon. Please continue to recite the Mṛtyunjaya Mantra everyday 108 times. The mantra is simple and will not take much time. And do not worry about pronunciation. We all become perfect after practise, not before. Now, the disease/health should trouble till ten years of age is what the stars indicate, and day by day the strength will increase due to the blessings of Shiva (Guru in Lagna)”.
On October 28, 2002 a very distressed mother writes, “My daughter’s surgery was carried out on October 11 from 9.30 to 11.30am. We could not dictate the timing, as it was in a govt hospital with too many surgery schedules being broken to accommodate hers. After a week the doctors said another surgery of the head is to be carried out urgently, this was on October 22, due to some strange reasons it got postponed and now they say that it was some bacterial disease and probably second surgery may not be required but nothing can be said as of now. Post surgery one or the other problem keeps coming and this Saturday one of her legs, which are already weak, was deeply hurt (a wound is formed) by the normal saline drip. The miseries seem unending with the doctors saying she will not be able to walk and be normal though to us she seems perfectly normal. Our miseries seem to have no end. Kindly advice if some thing can be done in this matter. I am deeply indebted to you for all your advices and help.”
Unfortunately the operation could not be carried out on the date and time advised. The chart-2 drawn for the moment of the operation clearly shows the trouble. Saturn in the 8th house causes delay and some obstacle but Jupiter is very strong. Unfortunately, the Moon is also in debility, and that too in Lagna as the lagna rising (Scorpio) is the 6th house from natal Lagna, but Jupiter aspects the Lagna and Moon. Shiva is protecting no doubt inspite of all the evils.
Chart 2: Case#1 Operation
We replied, “As I had told you, the going is tough, very tough no doubt, especially for you till four years of age of your daughter, but have faith in Lord Shiva. He stands there with the trident guarding her. Your prayers will be answered and she will get out of this problem, although gradually. Time flies and it is only the present that torments, you will look back to this day and recall His protection. If you have to spend time waiting at the hospital, then recite the Mṛtyunjaya mantra even out there. The transits indicate that the doctors will gradually get to the right medicine and to the root of the problem. She will be required to take some medicine for some time till Mercury daśa begins. Saturn daśa is terrible. I wanted to share with you that your daughter is a very spiritually realised soul. If in addition to the Mṛtyuṅjaya mantra, you are able to perform a puja for her Iṣṭa Devatā (Maha Lakshmi Devi), then she will come back home early, in good health. Please bear in mind that the daśā of Śani ends only on 22 March 2005, and that is her 4th year (Hindu count) by another system of reckoning as well. Thereafter, from 4th year to 10th year her health will gradually improve. You will have to continue with the mantra for the entire period and make this your daily spiritual discipline.”
Chart 3: Case#2 Rāśi Chart
Assignment: Determine the longevity of the horoscope. Answer: Endnote
There are various other matters like Gandanta, Dagdha Tithi and Rasi, Mṛtyu Bhaga etc, which should be studied from standard texts and which have a strong bearing on balarishta and other apamṛtyu yoga.
 Dhatupatha- divu: kṛḍāvijigiñā vyavahāra dyuti stuti moda mada svapna kānti gatiñu|
- kṛḍā- sporting
- vijigiñā – conquest
- vyavahāra – occupation/pursuit
- dyuti – intellectual inspiration or brilliancy
- stuti – praise
- moda – pleasure
- mada – exhilaration, intoxication
 ibid 7.16
 śloka 1.6 satyasamhita vai deva
 śloka 18.104.22.168 vidmanso hi deva
 Varahamihira, Brihat Jataka 1-19: horā svāmi guru jña vīkñitayutā nānyaiśca vīryotkaṭā kendrasthā dvi padādayo’hni niśi ca prāpte ca sandhyādvaye.
 Jaimini has given considerable details on calculating these eleven Rudra (infact ten Rudra and the eleventh he calls Maheswara or Shiva Who is responsible for delivering the soul).
 Appendix-1: Sources of strength.
 Day ruled by Lagna Lord since Jupiter is in Lagna
 The last Kala (1½ hours) of the daytime on a Wednesday is ruled by Jupiter.
 When the 10th lord is in Lagna ill health troubles till 10 years of age.
 In the natal chart, Jupiter is conjoined Gulika in the ascendant. Thus although the gradual cure is indicated, the poison consumption indicated by Gulika would also occur during this sub-period of Jupiter.
 The Atmakaraka is Venus, which also indicates the Ista devata being the lord of the 12th house from Karakamsa, and is placed alone in Karakamsa.
 Venus indicates Mahalakshmi
 The child barely survived a few months. The lords of Lagna, eighth and tenth are all in the malefic eighth house. In addition the Sun is the natural and Chara Atmakaraka as well and Mercury is inclined to give the results of the malefic 8th house being stationed in own sign instead of its other lordship of the 11th house. In addition, there are no combinations for the cancellation of the Balarishta like a strong Jupiter in Lagna/7th house.