How to study the Trimsamsa Chart? {tab=Method} Method-1

  1. Treat this like any other chart. In spiritualism we are taught of a “SHADOW SELF” called PAPA_PURUSHA which is a reflection of our own self, but the darker side which includes all the negative things we have done for ages and many births. This is the trimsamsa..the shadowy world of our self. Hence, the Sun and Moon do not own any trimsamsa as they have light.
  2. Second thing is to study this chart for all the bad things we have done for which we deserve to be punished or taught lessons. The 12th rules hospitals and is the 5th (Mantra) from the 8th (Diseases). Hence the 12th house shows the way to get out of diseases and other such bad karma. It is the future (5th) of the 8th house.
  3. A Saturn placed in such a place is not good as it delays the recovery from diseases, makes the effect of the mantra nil due to mistakes or “NOT WORSHIPPING GANESHJI” before starting a mantra can render it useless unless Guru is very strong. In this manner study the houses with focus on the 8th house (ROGA: Diseases & RINA Debts) and the 6th house (SHAD RIPU: Six kinds of weaknesses). In this manner the houses should be studied.
  4. The 9th house (Dharma) from the 8th house is the 4th house. Thus, happiness and laughter (ruled by the 4th house) are the best natural medicine to get out of the cycle of disease and debt. A clean heart is the key to happiness & laughter. Venus (fulfilment of desires) gives happiness & Mercury gives laughter. Moon is the natural significator for the 4th house and becomes the Controlling planet for good health and freedom from diseases. In this manner the planets should be studied.
  5. The Arudha pada of the sixth house gives the body part that shall be afflicted due to the diseases.
  6. Venus rules the Mritunjaya Mantra and the strength of Venus in this division is important for recovery from diseases. The Sun and the Moon represent the Atma (Soul) and the Mana (Mind) respectively. Affliction to the Sun will result in suffering, poverty and misery while affliction to the Moon will cause ill health and death. Since Mars and Venus rules the signs of exaltation of the Sun and Moon, they represent the Physical and Mental strength of the native to cope with distress, disease and other evils respectively.

The following are my teachings to a student (Shiv Pujan) for presenting a paper at the Hyderabad Conference. {tab=Tattva} Introduction Trimsa means thirty and amsa means division indicating the one-thirtieth division of a sign. The Sun progresses at the rate of about one degree everyday and its progress in 120 days is analogous to covering a span of 120 degrees in the zodiac. Manu smriti teaches us that ‘a year of the human beings is equal to a day of the Devas’. So, 120 days of the Sun is equal to 120 years of the human beings, which is the full life span. This indicates that the one-degree motion of the Sun has relevance to longevity and suffering. Accordingly, Parasara advises the use of this ‘Trimsamsa’ for determining the evils that the native has to suffer due to past karma. The Trimsamsa (D-30) chart is used to delineate various kinds of evils one is likely to face. In a female nativity, it shows her moral character, and this can be extended to all charts as well. Trimsamsa and Tattva The Trimsamsa lords are Mars (5°) Saturn (50) Jupiter (80), Mercury (70) and Venus (50) for odd signs and the reverse for even signs. The deities accordingly are Agni, Vāyu, Indra, Kubera and Varuṇa for odd signs and the reverse for even signs. Pt. Sanjay Rath writes, “The deities are based on the five elements of Fire (Agni), Wind (vāyu), ākāś or Ether (Indra the God of Gods – the Sky), Prthivī or Earth (Kubera the lord of wealth), and Jala or Fluid (Varuṇa the God of Water). Whereas each of the four elements of Agni (Fire), Jala (Water), Vāyu (Wind) and Prthivī (Earth) rule the trines of Aries, Cancer, Libra and Capricorn respectively, the fifth element ākāś (Ether) pervades all signs and hence, Indra becomes the God of all these Gods. This is mentioned in the Vedic Hymn “śaṁ no indra vṛddhaśravāḥ” wherein all the peoples from time immemorial have been taking shelter (asraya) under Indra for their welfare and protection from evils as the Trimsamsa represents the evils that befall man.” Table: Trimsamsa & Tattva

Odd Signs Even Signs
Degrees Trimsamsa Tatwa Deity Degrees Trimsamsa Tatwa Deity
5o Aries Agni Agni 5o Taurus Jala Varuṇa
10o Aquarius vāyu vāyu 12o Virgo Prthivī Kubera
18o Sagittarius ākāś Indra 20o Pisces ākāś Indra
25o Gemini Prthivī Kubera 25o Capricorn vāyu vāyu
30o Libra Jala Varuṇa 300 Scorpio Agni Agni

{tab=Weakness} Pancha Makara Fall in character or weaknesses show due to the affliction to the ruling elements. The weaknesses are called Pancha Makara or the five M’s. If a planet is placed in a certain Trimsamsa, which is ruled by a particular tatwa, then affliction to the planet will show in the form of affliction to the tatwa causing the rise of a particular weakness or bad habit. Other weaknesses or bad habits generally follow this first weakness. Table: Pancha Makara

Weakness Description Tattva Planet
Madya Alcohol (Intoxicants) Vayu Saturn
Mamsa Meat Agni Mars
Matsya Fish Prthvi Mercury
Mudra Palm/ hand posture Akasha Jupiter
Maithuna Copulation Jala Venus

Shadripu – Six Weaknesses The Parashari Trimsamsa chart is used to know about diseases. The Trimsamsa chart shows ṣaḍripu (six weaknesses). These are acquired and are represented by Saturn who is Karaka of sixth house. In addition, it is used in delineating moral character in a female nativity. One of the five Tatwa (primordial elements) comes under heavy affliction and shows the kind of health problem one is likely to face. It also shows kind of character one has and the time of manifestation of such character. Six planets show six acquired weaknesses as per table below. It is noteworthy that the Satwa Guna planets do not contribute to the ñaòripu or the six weaknesses. The Satwa Guna planets are the Sun, Moon and Jupiter. The rajas Guna planets Mercury & Venus cause Ego/jealousy and lust related weaknesses while the Tamas Guna planets cause anger (Mars), greed (Rahu), intoxicant addiction (Saturn) and illusions and mistakes (Ketu).

Table: Shadripu

Planet Weakness
Hindi Translation
Mars Krodha Anger
Rahu Lobha Greed
Saturn Mada Intoxication
Venus Mamsa Lust (Kama)
Mercury Matsarya Ego & Jealousy
Ketu Moha Illusion

Trimsamsa shows the number of ṣaḍripu acquired by a person. Diseases can be of two types: Nija (self / internal) and Agantuka (External). Each of these has two sub-categories. Nija disease can affect either the body (eighth house) or mind (eighth house & fifth house). Agantuka can be of two types, i.e. Driṣṭa (known causes sixth house) and Adriṣṭa (unknown causes, Badhak and Badhakesh). Here we are dealing with Driṣṭa type of diseases, which are acquired and should be seen in sixth house. Trimsamsa chart falls in the second harmonic of sixth house. The following formula below shows its level of working.

30 = 12 + 12 +6
Division number First cycle (Physical level) Second cycle (Consciousness) Third cycle (Sub- consciousness)

The above formula shows that D/30 chart works at the sub-conscious level and we can find out the weaknesses an individual has acquired in this life. If one were conscious of forces at work in D/30 chart, one would not have any weakness at all. {tab=Bhava} Lagna The lagna of any chart shows the native himself. The lagna of D/30 chart shows his weaknesses. It shows what has been defined as Avishnu (i.e. not Vishnu or against Vishnu). In this it is opposite of what is shown by a D/3 chart. We have to focus on Lagna, tenth house and eighth house to know the weaknesses (shadripu) of the native, as these are important houses while considering the longevity of the matter in focus in any chart. Planets in Lagna will show weaknesses acquired during current birth directly related to bodily weaknesses. If any of the Shadripu coming from any planet is in Lagna, this is a weakness that has developed in this birth due to inherent weakness of D/30 Lagna itself (which means intelligence, learning etc.). In addition to planets in Lagna, the Lagna Lord of this chart will indicate the Tatwa that has become strong or weak. The Lagna Lord of D/30 chart shows the exact disease. Tenth house Malefics in tenth house denoting Shadripu shows mental weaknesses where weaknesses develop due to various pressures, which the mind fails to counter. Eighth house Planets afflicting eighth house shows weaknesses inherited from past incarnation. Important considerations in Delineation If the Rasi chart is in Agni Tatwa and the D/30 chart shows Jala Tatwa (opposite of Agni Tatwa) or vice- versa, there is sure to be plenty of problems. Dasa and Antar Dasa lord who are mutually hostile by owning opposite Tatwa create many serious problems (For example, Saturn Dasa-Venus Antar Dasa or Venus Dasa-Saturn Antar Dasa or Mercury Dasa-Mars Antar Dasa or Mars Dasa- Mercury Antar Dasa) When D/30 chart shows contradictory influences on any pair, bad results are likely to follow. Five planets (leaving aside the non-luminous planets Rahu and Ketu and the Sun and Moon, having no lordship in Parashari Trimsamsa, are omitted) rule five Tatwa (primordial elements) as below. The Mahapurush Yoga each one of them forms is given along with the presiding deity, as per the table given below.

Table: Planetary Tattva

Planet Tatwa Mahapurusha Yoga Deity
Mars Agni (Fire) Ruchaka Surya
Mercury Prithvi (Earth) Bhadra Ganesha
Venus Jala (Water) Malavya Devi
Saturn Vayu (Air) Sasa Siva
Jupiter Aakash (Ether) Hamsa Narayana

The 12 signs of Zodiac are also divided into four groups as below: Table: Rasi Tattva

Rasi Tattva
1,5,9 Fiery signs
2,6,10 Earthy signs
3,7,11 Airy signs
4,8,12 Watery signs

The fifth element namely Ether keeps these four elements together. Use of Naisargika Dasa Naisargika Dasa (natural period) is a wonderful tool for finding out the negative experiences one is likely to go through in this life. The natural ruler of a person’s age between 5-12 is Mercury, between ages 13 – 32 is Venus and between ages 33-50 is Jupiter. Any afflictions to these planets will show negative experiences in the corresponding age group. In particular, curses on these planets should be checked in D-30 chart. {tab=Remedy} Remedies based on D-30 chart A remedy can be suggested based on the Trimsamsa Lagna. As Trimsamsa Lagna shows one’s weaknesses, a proper remedy would do away with these weaknesses.

  • If Lagna rising in D-30 chart is a sign of Saturn, do Pranayama.
  • If it is in the sign of Jupiter do meditation.
  • If it is in the sign of Mars, light a lamp.
  • If it is in the sign of Venus perform Pooja, donation etc.
  • If it is in the sign of Mercury do Japa

In this context, Mahidhara opines that one who worships the Pancha devata, everyday (as per the table above) shall have a smooth life and shall always be protected irrespective of evils. This is so because all Trimsamsa are covered by this worship. In Pancha – Upachara Pooja the items given under the following table indicated against the planet should be offered. Table: Planetary Remedies

Planet Remedy Panchopachar
Mars Lamp Deepa
Mercury Perfume Gandha
Jupiter Flower Pushpa
Venus Food Naivedya
Saturn Incense Dhoopa

Best Remedy: The best remedy for any planet is to worship the deity concerned with the planet in Trimsamsa. For example, if Sun is in Saturn’s Trimsamsa, then worship Shiva (see table above) for relief from the negative Sun. Also see Dasa/Antar Dasa and then decide the remedy. Similarly if Saturn is in Mar’s Trimsamsa, worship Sun. {tab=Video}

Presentation Trimsamsa Devata
Click on Image for Presentation
D30S Chart – Shastiamsa like Trimsamsa.
Click on the image for presentation on D30S


What is the Trimsamsa, and how to draw a Trimsamsa Chart?

Trimsamsa means the one-thirtieth portion of a sign measuring one degree. Unlike other divisions, the Sun and Moon are not the Lords of any trimsamsa and the Nodes (Rahu & Ketu) also do not owm any trimsamsa. Thus the remaining five of Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus and Saturn own the trimsamsa. They represent the five elemental states of existence (see table 1).

Table 1: Five Elements
Element Planet State Tithi Days
Prithvi Mercury Earth/Solid state Bhadra Tithi: 2nd, 7th & 12th Wednesday
Jala Venus Water/ Liquid state Rikta Tithi: 4th, 9th & 14th Monday & Friday
Agni Mars Fire/Energy Nanda Tithi: 1st, 6th & 11th Tuesday, Sunday
Vayu Saturn Wind/ Gaseous State Poorna Tithi: 5th, 10th & 15th Saturday
Akash Jupiter Ether/ Vacuum Jaya Tithi: 3rd, 8th & 13th Thursday
Degrees Odd Signs Deity Degrees Even Signs Deity
5 Aries Agni 5 Taurus Varuna
10 Aquarius Vayu 12 Virgo Kubera
18 Sagittarius Indra 20 Pisces Indra
25 Gemini Kubera 25 Capricorn Vayu
30 Libra Varuna 30 Scorpio Agni

The positions of the planets and the Lagna in the Rasi chart are used to determine the Trimsamsa occupied by them. For example, if Jupiter is in 26-07′ in Pisces, then since it is in an even sign, from Table 2, we see that it is in Scorpio (even sign ruled by Mars). In this manner, the trimsamsa of all the planets and Lagna is determined and the resultant chart is called the Trimsamsa or D-30 Chart. The trimsamsa chart of the standard nativity is given below.

Pt.Sanjay Rath
Sanjay Rath belongs to a traditional family of astrologers from Bira Balabhadrapur Sasan village of Puri, Orissa, which trace their lineage back to Shri Achyuta Das (Sri Achyutananda).
Students: sanjay.rath@...


  • Nitin Bhanap +19195392537 Nitin Bhanap is an IT professional turned Vedic astrologer by the grace of Guruji (Pt. Sanjay Rath). Nitin is originally from Bombay, Maharashtra and now based in Raleigh USA. Nitin comes from a family of astrologers and Jyotiṣa was part of his early life because of his father and grandfather who had a career in corporate world, however practiced Jyotisa to help and guide people. Nitin pursued his interest in Jyotisa by reading many books, however after meeting Guruji (Pt Sanjay Rath), at the Someshwara Shiva temple prāṇa pratiṣṭhā in Ashveille NC, USA, Nitin found his Jyotiṣa Guru (Pt. Sanjay Rath). Nitin’s early life was spent in boarding school and then in Mumbai, where he completed his Master’s in Mathematics and then left for USA at the age of 23 to pursue career in IT and is still living in USA with his wife and one daughter. Nitin worked for many large corporations in USA and now has taken up Jyotisa seriously by volunteering to leave his professional career at Verizon to pursue Jyotisa studies further under guidance of Guruji (Pt. Sanjay Rath). Nitin joined Parāśara 5-year course under tutelage of Pt. Sanjay Rath in 2012 and completed his Jyotisa Paṇḍita certification in 2016 and now in the 3rd year of Jaimini Jyotisa under Pt. Sanjay Rath. Nitin has also currently enrolled Mantra Shastra course and continuing pursuing his Jaimini studies. Nitin continues to practice Jyotisa by guiding many young and middle-aged adults about their careers, marriage, children and many other areas of life. Nitin does the Jyotiṣa practice as an offering to Mahadev as Shiva is Parameṣṭhi Guru and the ocean of all knowledge Nitin is also learning Advaita Vedanta from Chinmaya mission and is currently serving as President of Chinmaya mission Raleigh Durham. As a part of Chinmaya mission, Nitin teaches Vedanta to young high school children on Sunday’s and organizes many spiritual discourses on Vedanta by inviting Chinmaya mission Swamiji’s from different US centers as a part of his seva to the Raleigh Durham community

  • Kaartik Gor +971555532511 Kaartik Gor is a professional Vedic Astrologer, originally from Somnath, Gujarat and now based in Dubai. Kaartik comes from a family of priests and Jyotiṣa was part of his life since early days though he got interested after meeting his Gurudev. His early life was spent in Gujarat and later Mumbai where he completed his Engineering and later worked with corporate giants in their Sales and later as a Project Manager in Mumbai & Dubai. He later migrated to Dubai in 2002 and is now based there, though he consults and teaches globally via his webinar, conferences and personal contact classes. He also writes for leading publications and was instrumental in many positive changes related to Vedic scriptures in the GCC region. Kaartik Gor considers himself to be very fortunate and takes pride to be amongst the first direct students of his Gurudev (as he like to address him) Pt. Sanjay Rath. He strongly feels “Knowledge is Shiva” and takes pride in being associated with a tradition which dates back to 2500 years! He strongly feels that Jyotiṣa is his road to attain moksha since it gives him an opportunity to heal souls and make his life worthwhile. Teaching Jyotiṣa is something he enjoys a lot and being a young Turk likes to make it easy for Beginners to understand and implement the knowledge in their day to day life. He is a firm believer that knowledge should be applicable else its waste of time! Kaartik has been part of all major programs conducted by his Gurudev and has been associated with him for approx. 2 decades during which he is now a Jaimini Scholar, Jyotiṣa Pandita (Brihat Parashara Hora Shastra), Mantra Shastra among others. He still likes to call himself a Beginner and strongly advocates what his Gurudev told him “Knowledge is an Ocean, Start Swimming”. He truly believes that best Gurus are those who make best friends and likes to be grounded and approachable. His mission is to spread this brilliant Vedic knowledge globally and work tirelessly to achieve it, no mood to rest On a personal note he loves taking care of Cows and does his bit for them. He also loves music, singing, watching movies and playing squash!