श्रुता ग्रहगुणास्त्वत्तस्तथा राशिगुण मुने।
श्रोतमिच्छामि भावानां भेदांस्तान् कृपया वद॥ १॥
śrutā grahaguṇāstvattastathā rāśiguṇa mune |
śrotamicchāmi bhāvānāṁ bhedāṁstān kṛpayā vada || 1||
Translation: Sage Maitreya addresses Maharṣi Parāśara:
O! Muni, you have taught the description, qualities and guṇa of the graha (planets) as well as those of the rāśi (Vedic signs). Kindly divulge the secret knowledge of the bhāva as I desire to hear about them.
Word Meanings [contributed by India Group]
śrutā – having heard/learnt
guṇā – qualities
tvattastathā- nature and
rāśiguṇa- qualities/potentials of houses/Vedic Signs.
śrotamicchāmi- – I would like to hear
bhāvā- personality, becoming that, love of the world; becoming, arising, occurring, turning into, existence, endurance, state of being, continuance, condition, position, mental state, dis position, temperament; way of thinking, thought, opinion, sentiment, feeling; emotion (in rhetoric there are eight or nine primary Bhâvas corresponding to that number of Rasas or sentiments); supposition; meaning, affection, love; seat of the emotions, heart, soul; substance, thing; being, creature; discreet man, astrological house.
bhāvānāṁ – manifesting or teaching Veda.
bhedā – splitting, distinguishing, breaking, setting at variance, contradictory speech, expressed, give out, divulge, removing or dispelling ignorance etc.
amsa – part or division.
kṛpayā- mourn or lament, -consider, oblige
vada- to speak/tell
The word used is bhedāṁśtān which is composed of ‘bheda’ and ‘aṁśa’. Bheda in this context means secret (divulge, give out); aṁśa means division [other translations have used ‘अंस्’ (aṁs) as in अंस्तन् (aṁstan) which means shoulder and is quite meaningless in this context.
The word ‘bhāva’ refers to the bhāva chakra, especially the equal house division. However the divisions used are determined from the rāśi i.e. the signs and not the houses. Most astrologers think that the rāśi ‘alone’ is the bhāva due to this particular statement because bhāva or houses, by themselves, cannot be divided into aṁśa (parts) and must follow the divisions of the signs.
What Maitreya is telling us is that the various elements of the bhāva chart like lagna, horā, ghāṭikā and the graha are mapped into signs based on the division of the signs. The mapping of the variable elements like graha, various special ascendants and upagraha etc. into divisions called ‘varga’ creates another chart called ‘varga chakra’ which becomes the divulger of the secrets of the concerned bhāva.
The second important teaching is that the varga are linked to bhāva. For example the varga chakra called ‘Horā’ is linked to the dhana bhāva i.e. second house while the drekkāṇa, is linked to the bhrātṛ-bhāva (3rd house) and so on. None of the varga chakra can stand independently. They must be linked to one of the twelve bhāva of the rāśi-bhāva chakra. The key to unlocking the varga chakra lies in the bhāva it is concerned with.
This key is either based on (a) the division number or (b) application number.
- For example, a chart called Horā Chakra is also written as D2 chart and is created by dividing the sign into two parts. Here, both the nomenclature ‘D2’ and the division number ‘2’ (from 2 parts) shows that it links to the second bhāva of the rāśi chart. However, this may not be true in all cases. Both division number, nomenclature are the same and were used in the mapping of the varga to the bhāva.
- Another example – the varga chakra called ‘Trimśāṁśa’ is written as D30 chart. However, it is created by dividing the sign into ‘five’ unequal parts whereas the nomenclature ‘D30’ gives the sixth house. Whenever a number is greater than 12, we expunge multiples of 12. In this case 30-24=6 gives the sixth house of suffering and punishment. Trimśāṁśa maps to the sixth house showing that ‘nomenclature D30’ was used.
- Sometimes two houses are used in one varga chakra. For example the varga chakra called ‘dvādaśāṁśa’ meaning one-twelfth division is written as D12 Chart. Here both the division number and nomenclature refer to the number ‘12’ yet, this does not map to the 12th house of the bhāva chakra! Instead, it maps to two houses – the 4th house (of
mother) and 9th house (of father). Whenever two houses are concerned we have some methods to find the ‘common ground’. Realize that mother and father are both independent individuals, yet they come together as ‘parents’ for the native. This common ground is determined in various ways. The one used for dvādaśāṁśa is to see (A) the 9th house (father) from 4th (mother) = 12th and (B) 4th house (mother) from 9th (father) = 12th. This common ground for the two – mother and father, is in the 12th house. The number 12 is called गौण (gauṇa)meaning mathematically determined bhāva based on counting each number from the other and also meaning subordinate or secondary (as it relates to the two working together as parents).
- In some advanced varga, this can also be determined by the span of the ‘aṁśa’. For example there is the Jagannāth drekkāṇa (also called nāḍi drekkāṇa) which is written as ‘D3J’ where D3 is drekkāṇa and ‘J’ is for Jagannāth. This is used to determine karma phala (10th house results). When we divide a sign of 30° into 3 aṁśa (parts), each part will measure 10°. Now the chart D3J is constructed in a different manner to give results pertaining to the 10th house (karma bhāva) and is mapped to 10th house of rāśi chakra instead of 3rd house.
Can you determine the key for the sixteen divisions?
|Parāśara||Other names||Div||Bh||Re||Area of Influence|
|vedavāhvaṁśa||siddhāṁśacatur-vimśāṁśa||24||4,9||D24||Learning and Knowledge|
|bhāṁśa||sapta-vimśāṁśanakṣatrāṁśa||27||3||D27||Strengths and Weakness|
|ṣaṣṭhyaṁśa||ṣaṣṭiāṁśa||60||12||D60||Past birth or Karma|