palmleaves1880sThese are my personal notes made when learning navāṁśa which we share with you. The topics included in the slides are meant to give clarity in the system taught by Maharṣi Parāśara.

  • Every subject has certain technical terminology and we start with learning the words – svāṁśa, nīca-aṁśa, avāṁśa, uccha-aṁśa, vargottama.
  • Mapping the Seven Chakra in the body like mūlādhāra, svādhiṣṭhāna etc., using Bhāva sūcaka aṁśa. The effect of this on vargottama and aṁśa-gained by planets – the count.
  • Navāṁśa Tulya Rāśi including detailed effects and results of Lagna NTR.

Navāṁśa Notes
Navāṁśa Notes2 Presentation

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  • Ask Questions at Forums of this website
  • Download the audio files for listening at leisure. Click on link and extract the zip folder

These are my personal notes made when learning navāṁśa which we share with you. The topics included in the slides are meant to give clarity in the system taught by Maharṣi Parāśara.

We start with Maraṇa Kāraka Sthāna of planets, acronym MKS. These are positions of planets in which they are in a state of dying or preparation for death. In such a state the planet will definitely give to the native as dying people realise that it is futile to cling on to the material world. It can also indicate much suffering to the bhāva associated owned by the planets. For example, President George Bush Jr. had the Sun, significator for father, in maraṇa kāraka sthāna in 12th house. It shows that he would benefit a lot from the great support he would receive from his father. Every time something was ending in his life, his father was there to support him and finally he followed his father’s footsteps, and just like his father George Bush Sr., he too became the US President. However, the Sun rules the 2nd house of speech in his chart and his speech became the subject of ridicule – called “Bushism”. What does this mean in the navāṁśa?

Thereafter we study Navāṁśa kendra and examine the different Bhāva concepts and why only the Parāśara Bhāva correctly maps to the navāṁśa Kendra.

An independent study of the kendra including case studies of stigmata. We finally end with Khara Navāṁśa.
Navāṁśa Notes
Navāṁśa Notes Presentation

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There are various techniques for examining the Navāṁśa for various purposes – fortune, destiny, spiritual pursuits leading to mokṣa as well as spouse and relationships. It is the most important chart after the Rāśi (D1) and there are many ways to draw this chart. What we are learning is the study of the Parāśara Navāṁśa, which is also the parivṛtti navāṁśa as it is a regular division, zodiacal and without jumps i.e. it has continuity. In this lesson, learn about the following:

  • Dignities in navāṁśa
  • Uttama & other aṁśa (Vargottama)
  • Puṣkarāṁśa
  • Rāśi tūlya navāṁśa also called bhāva sūcaka aṁśa
  • Navāṁśa-Tūlya-Rāśi
  • Svāṁśa viveka i.e. understanding the navāṁśa lagna and the role of destiny at birth etc.

Navāṁśa Document

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Navāṁśa Charts Download

Etymologically, the word navāṁśa is composed of two words nava meaning nine and aṁśa meaning part of division. Division refers to an orderly division of the 30 degrees of a sign into parts called aṁśa. The charts constructed on the basis of the ownership of these divisions[1] are called Varga Chakra (lit. Divisional Charts or simply D-Charts). The sign is divided into ‘N’ number of parts where ‘N’ refers to the Varga number. Each part is called an aṁśa and maps a specific sign of the D-N Chart. If any planet or Lagna is placed within an aṁśa, then it is also in the mapped sign of the D-Chart.
{tab=D9 Map}
Navāṁśa reckoning
The period of two consecutive conjunctions of the Moon with the Sun is about 30 days (rounded off) and the longitude traversed by the Sun is the overlord of the signs. Since the Sun is the kāraka of the ninth house of father, the one-ninth division of a sign called navāṁśa (spans 3°20’) has a profound say on one’s fortune and dharma (religion, life path) which stems from the feet of one’s father. Similarly, the nakṣatra having a span of 13°20’ have the Moon as their over-lord and show the Mother and the mind. Since Moon is the kāraka of the fourth house, it has a strong say on the consciousness and sukha (joys) and health which is the unsullied affection of one’s mother. When the nakṣatra span of 13°20’ is divided by 4 (house number) we obtain the navāṁśa span of 3°20’. Thus, the navāṁśa is the common ground for the coming together of the Sun and Moon, of Śiva and Śaktī, of Father and Mother…

Let us attempt to determine the navāṁśa divisions and D-9 chart. Here ‘N’=9 and each sign of 30° longitude is divided into nine parts of 3°20’ (or 200’) each. Each of these divisions is called a navāṁśa. The nine navāṁśa of all signs would be in the longitude range (1) 0°-3°20’, (2) 3°20’-6°40’, (3) 6°40’-10° (4) 10°-13°20’, (5) 13°20’-16°40’, (6) 16°40’-20’ (7) 20°-23°20’, (8) 23°20’-26°40’, (9) 26°40’-30°. Now, if we had to map the divisions into signs in the Navāṁśa (D9) chart, and if we were told that the divisions are regular (without any jumping between signs), then the first division of Aries would be mapped into Aries, second division of Aries would be mapped into Taurus, and so in till the last or ninth division of Aries is mapped into Sagittarius. The next sign following Aries is Taurus, and the next mapped sign following Sagittarius is Capricorn. So the first division of Taurus would be mapped into Capricorn. The second division of Taurus would be mapped into Aquarius and so in till the last (ninth) division is mapped into Virgo. Then the sign following Taurus is Gemini and the mapped sign following Virgo is Libra. So the first division of Gemini is Libra, second is mapped into Scorpio and so on till the last division is mapped into Gemini. The sign following Gemini is Cancer whose first division is Cancer itself. This sets a definite pattern in that:

  1. The first navāṁśa of movable signs is in the same sign, of fixed signs is in the ninth sign from it and of dual signs is in the fifth sign from it.
  2. The first navāṁśa of any sign is mapped into the movable sign in trines to it. This is the simplest way to remember the navāṁśa reckoning. See the three signs, which are in trines to the sign under consideration and determine the movable sign, which will furnish the first navāṁśa. Subsequent navāṁśa will be in the regular sequential order of signs.

Table 1: Navāṁśa reckoner

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Navāṁśa 3°20′ 6°40′ 10°0′ 13°20′ 16°40′ 20°0′ 23°20′ 26°40′ 30°0′
1 Ar 1 Ar 2 Ta 3 Ge 4 Cn 5 Le 6 Vi 7 Li 8 Sc 9 Sg
2 Ta 10 Cp 11 Aq 12 Pi 1 Ar 2 Ta 3 Ge 4 Cn 5 Le 6 Vi
3 Ge 7 Li 8 Sc 9 Sg 10 Cp 11 Aq 12 Pi 1 Ar 2 Ta 3 Ge
4 Cn 4 Cn 5 Le 6 Vi 7 Li 8 Sc 9 Sg 10 Cp 11 Aq 12 Pi
5 Le 1 Ar 2 Ta 3 Ge 4 Cn 5 Le 6 Vi 7 Li 8 Sc 9 Sg
6 Vi 10 Cp 11 Aq 12 Pi 1 Ar 2 Ta 3 Ge 4 Cn 5 Le 6 Vi
7 Li 7 Li 8 Sc 9 Sg 10 Cp 11 Aq 12 Pi 1 Ar 2 Ta 3 Ge
8 Sc 4 Cn 5 Le 6 Vi 7 Li 8 Sc 9 Sg 10 Cp 11 Aq 12 Pi
9 Sg 1 Ar 2 Ta 3 Ge 4 Cn 5 Le 6 Vi 7 Li 8 Sc 9 Sg
10 Cp 10 Cp 11 Aq 12 Pi 1 Ar 2 Ta 3 Ge 4 Cn 5 Le 6 Vi
11 Aq 7 Li 8 Sc 9 Sg 10 Cp 11 Aq 12 Pi 1 Ar 2 Ta 3 Ge
12 Pi 4 Cn 5 Le 6 Vi 7 Li 8 Sc 9 Sg 10 Cp 11 Aq 12 Pi

We notice that the navāṁśa reckoning for the four types of signs – agni, pṛthvi, vāyu and jala is exactly similar indicating that the navāṁśa takes the similarity of trines into account. The navāṁśa reckoner can be simplified into just four types.

Table 2: Navāṁśa reckoner simplified

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Navāṁśa 3°20′ 6°40′ 10°0′ 13°20′ 16°40′ 20°0′ 23°20′ 26°40′ 30°0′
Agni Ar 1 Ar 2 Ta 3 Ge 4 Cn 5 Le 6 Vi 7 Li 8 Sc 9 Sg
Pṛthvi Ta 10 Cp 11 Aq 12 Pi 1 Ar 2 Ta 3 Ge 4 Cn 5 Le 6 Vi
Vāyu Ge 7 Li 8 Sc 9 Sg 10 Cp 11 Aq 12 Pi 1 Ar 2 Ta 3 Ge
Jala Cn 4 Cn 5 Le 6 Vi 7 Li 8 Sc 9 Sg 10 Cp 11 Aq 12 Pi

We further notice that the first navāṁśa of all signs is in the movable sign in trines. This principle of choosing the chara sign in trines as the starting point is used in the calculation of prāṇapada lagna – called ‘koṇārka principle’. The word koṇārka is derived from koṇa (trikoṇa, trine) and arka (Sun).
Pañca tattva upadeśa

Tattva Pṛthvi Jala Agni Vāyu Ākāśa
Haṁsa हं haṁ सं saṁ कं kaṁ धं dhaṁ पं paṁ
Bīja (down) ह्लीं hlīṁ श्लीं ślīṁ क्लीं klīṁ ध्लीं dhlīṁ प्लीं plīṁ
Example Tree Water Light Cool air Divine Love
Bīja (up) ह्रीं hrīṁ श्रीं śrīṁ क्रीं krīṁ ध्रीं dhrīṁ प्रीं prīṁ
Example Bird Vapour Fire Hot air Control
Kendra Lagna Sukha, Jala Svarga Asta Sarva
Devatā Gaṇeśa Durgā Āditya Rudra Viṣṇu

Navāṁśa deities

देवा नृराक्षसाश्चैव चरादिषु गृहेषु च॥ १२॥
devā nṛrākṣasāścaiva carādiṣu gṛheṣu ca || 12
Translation: For movable signs, the devatā (deities) of the navāṁśa are Deva, Manuśya and Rākṣasa repeating thrice; for fixed signs the order starts from Manuśya and is Manuśya, Rākṣasa and Deva; whereas for dual signs the devatā (deities) start with Rākṣasa repeating thrice in the order Rākṣasa Deva and Manuśya.

Table 3: Navāṁśa reckoner

Navāṁśa 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Longitude 3.20’ 6.40’ 10.00 13.20’ 16.40’ 20.00 23.20’ 26.40’ 30.00
Aries 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Devatā D M R D M R D M R
Taurus 2 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6
Devatā M R D M R D M R D
Gemini 3 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3
Devatā R D M R D M R D M
Cancer 4 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Devatā D M R D M R D M R
Leo 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Devatā M R D M R D M R D
Virgo 6 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6
Devatā R D M R D M R D M
Libra 7 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3
Devatā D M R D M R D M R
Scorpio 8 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Devatā M R D M R D M R D
Sagittarius 9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Devatā R D M R D M R D M
Capricorn 10 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6
Devatā D M R D M R D M R
Aquarius 11 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3
Devatā M R D M R D M R D
Pisces 12 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Devatā R D M R D M R D M

Note: Devatā: D (Deva), M (Manuśya), R (Rākṣasa)

Datta upadeśa
Based on the three modes of nature, as sattva, rajas and tamas, Brahma created all beings animate and inanimate, great and small who were classified as devas, manuśya and rākṣasa respectively. Thereafter, Brahma was approached by the three kinds of creations (based on the navāṁśa) namely deva, manuśya and rākṣasa for spiritual advise.

When devas approached Brahma for spiritual advise on the means to get out of the bondage of karma, Brahma replied “दां (dāṁ)”[2]. The devas understood that this meant ‘dama’ which implied that they should develop self-control and restraint and subdue their senses as dama means taming or subduing the body and mind. This is the highest definition of the guru and represents the dīkṣa guru who is responsible for helping and directing the śiṣya (spiritual aspirant) in the path of self-realization. The higher creatures like men and animals, are always enjoying the bounties of this manifested world and the mind tends to dwell in them. The wealthier a man becomes, the more his mind dwells in the wealth and desires to enjoy the blessings of nature (prākṛti). Self-realization cannot occur unless the mind is tamed and subdued and the indriya (organs of sense and action) are under control. That is one of the reasons for depicting the svarga loka which is inhabited by the devas as being full of entertainment and at a higher level of understanding, Indra signifies the king of the devas or he who has controlled his senses.

The manuśya approached Brahma for spiritual direction and Brahma replied “dam”. The manuśya understood that Brahma meant dāna or to give. Man by nature is selfish and greedy coveting all wealth and tending to store it without sharing. The spiritual message for him was to learn to give and this is the importance of the Upapada (Āruḍha pāda of the 12th house). It is through this that he first learns to give to his spouse and children. Through the Chandra Upapada (Āruḍha pāda of the 12th house from the Moon) he gives to the family and his society that satisfies the Pitṛs. The Sūrya Upapada (Āruḍha pāda of the 12th house from the Sun) is what he gives to the world at large, to the Guru and deities and for spiritual growth and emancipation. Thus, giving is the essence of all manuśya.

The rākṣasa approached the creator and demanded their share of knowledge to which Brahma replied ‘dam’. The rakṣasa immediately understood this to mean ‘dayā or compassion. They are forever jealous of the devas, desiring, the bounties of the manifested creation all for themselves and hankering for power. Rākṣasa is the manifestation of one of the modes of nature where the created being has certain attributes causing jealousy, frustration, anger and a hankering for domination. This makes them hard hearted and it is well known that the heart is the seat of the Iśṭa devatā and when the heart becomes cruel, there is no place for the lord to reside. Such natives do not listen to their conscience and have been advised to develop compassion.

The Jātaka Pārijatha, Vaidyanath Dikshita speaks of fortune (bhāgya) and dharma from the ninth house and lord and specifies the use of navāṁśa[3] for this purpose. The devatā of the navāṁśa occupied by the Moon gives an indication of the worldview and attitude whereas that of the ninth lord and planets in the ninth house shows the dharma and fortune.
Example 1: Śrī Aurobindo Ghose

The Moon and ninth lord Jupiter are both in deva navāṁśa. The Moon so placed gives a broad worldview and the native learns to forgive, forget and go ahead in life. Such a positive attitude is essential for spirituality. The Moon is further tempered by the discipline of Saturn that is conducive for spiritual insight and renunciation. The ninth Lord Jupiter is in deva aṁśa indicating that the native is god fearing and maybe a worshipper of Bhagavāna as it is further involved in a guru-maṇgala yoga. When in jail, Śrī Aurobindo had a vision of Śrī Kṛṣṇa and spent the remaining part of his life in search for Kṛṣṇa. He established an ashram at Pondicherry and worked for the spiritual upliftment of many devotees.
Example 2 Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu

Date: February 27, 1486; Time: 17:53:00; Time Zone:5:53:28 (East of GMT)
Place: 88 E 22’00”, 23 N 25’00” ; Navadwip, India

Body Longitude Nakshatra Pada Rasi Navamsa Devata
Lagna 20 Le 49’ 24.14” PPha 3 Le Li Manushya
Sun-AmK 22 Aq 11’ 53.58” PBha 1 Aq Ar Manushya
Moon-MK 19 Le 48’ 36.57” PPha 2 Le Vi Deva
Mars-PiK 11 Cp 10’ 48.01” Srav 1 Cp Ar Deva
Mercury-PK 10 Pi 15’ 13.99” UBha 3 Pi Li Raakshasa
Jupiter-BK 20 Sq 20’ 47.97” PSha 3 Sg Li Rakshasa
Venus-GK 4 Ar 58’ 22.48” Aswi 2 Ar Ta Manushya
Saturn-AK 24 Sc 40’ 10.98” Jye 3 Sc Aq Raakshasa
Rahu-DK 26 Aq 36’ 50.51” PBha 2 Aq Ta Raakshasa

The ninth lord Mars and the Moon are both placed in deva aṁśa indicating the positive attitude and a non-covetous worldview. Other factors favouring, spirituality can be indicated. This can be studied.
Example 3: Chandraswami Maharaj

Date: October 29, 1949; Time: 23:59:00; Time Zone:5:30:00 (East of GMT)
Place: 76 E 36’00”, 27 N 34’00” ; Alwar, India

Body Longitude Nakshatra Pada Rasi Navamsa
Lagna 15 Cn 47’ 42.46” Push 4 Cn Sc Manushya
Sun-Pik 12 Li 51’ 25.94” Swat 2 Li Cp Deva
Moon-BK 25 Cp 07’ 53.49” Dhan 1 Cp Le Manushya
Mars-PK 8 Le 23’ 44.05” Makh 3 Le Ge Deva
Mercury-AK 28 Vi 43’ 14.40” Chit 2 Vi Vi Manushya
Jupiter-DK 1 Cp 47’ 47.67” USha 2 Cp Cp Deva
Venus-Amk 28 Sc 42’ 39.60” Jye 4 Sc Pi Deva
Saturn-MK 23 Le 05’ 17.20” PPha 3 Le Li Manushya
Rahu-GK 22 Pi 18’ 17.64” Reva 2 Pi Cp Raakshasa

The native is a famous tāntrika having proven powers for black magic. Lagna is Cancer and the ninth lord Jupiter is in Deva aṁśa indicating the scope for spiritual learning. The ninth lord is in debility and does get nīcabhaṇga (cancellation of debility). In such a spiritual orientation, the Moon is in Manuśya aṁśa indicating the scope for greed and amassing money as an objective that drives the mind. Thus, at best the native would have pursued his spiritual interests with considerable diversion towards money had it not been for Rahu in the ninth house. The spirituality gets further compromised and the greed gets the better of him as the primary objective of spiritual bliss gives way to financial needs.
It is evident that the planetary placements in the ninth house have played a major role in deciding the fortune (bhāgya) of the native and the initial hope/indication of the ninth lord in a deva aṁśa was dashed by the placement of Rahu in the ninth house.
Example: Emperor Aurangzeb

Date: November 3, 1618; Time: 13:59:00; Time Zone:5:08:48 (East of GMT)
Place: 77 E 12’00”, 28 N 36’00”

Body Longitude Nakshatra Pada Rasi Navamsa
Lagna 16 Aq 28’ 37.91” Sata 3 Aq Aq Raakshasa
Sun-Amk 22 Li 20’ 09.01” Visa 1 Li Ar Deva
Moon-DK 3 Ta 39’ 48.85” Krit 3 Ta Aq Raakshasa
Mars-Pik 16 Le 20’ 06.13” PPha 1 Le Le Raakshasa
Mercury (R) -AK 25 Li 06’ 57.84” Visa 2 Li Ta Manushya
Jupiter-PK 9 Aq 30’ 24.27” Sata 1 Aq Sg Deva
Venus-GK 5 Sq 46’ 10.60” Mool 2 Sg Ta Deva
Saturn (R) -MK 18 Ta 02’ 22.27” Rohi 3 Ta Ge Deva
Rahu-BK 8 Cp 33’ 15.56” USha 4 Cp Pi Raakshasa

Emperor Aurangzeb’s chart has the ninth lord Venus in deva aṁśa indicating that he was a very spiritual and devout Moslem. However, the Moon is in Rākṣasa aṁśa indicating that the mind was engrossed in thoughts related to coveting others properties, expanding his empire and would be very restless due to this.

Given other circumstances, the mind can also stop to very low levels of cruelty and evil thoughts that become the seed for evil karma.

The other planetary influences on the Moon should be examined before coming to any final conclusion. If the Moon is conjunct Saturn, then spiritual tendencies, renunciation and discipline will be seen while the aspect of the nodes can cause the mind to stray. Beneficial aspect of Mercury (learning) and Jupiter (wisdom) is very good on the Moon (mind).
Example 5: Adolf Hitler

Date: April 20, 1889; Time: 18:30:00; Time Zone:0:52:00 (East of GMT) ;
Place: 13 E 00’00”, 48 N 00 ’00”

Body Longitude Nakshatra Pada Rasi Navamsa
Lagna 4 Li 27’ 03.94” Chit 4 Li Sc Manushya
Sun-Pk 8 Ar 30’ 18.80” Aswi 3 Ar Ge Raakshasa
Moon-PiK 14 Sq 19’ 29.03” PSha 1 Sg Le Deva
Mars-AmK 24 Ar 04’ 59.49” Bhar 4 Ar Sc Manushya
Mercury-DK 3 Ar 22’ 32.78” Aswi 2 Ar Ta Manushya
Jupiter-MK 15 Sq 56’ 17.57” PSha 1 Sq Le Deva
Venus (R) AK 24 Ar 23’ 13.93” Bhar 4 Ar Sc Manushya
Saturn-BK 21 Cn 09’ 11.07” Asre 2 Cn Cp Deva
Rahu-GK 23 Ge 44’ 58.99” Puna 2 Ge Ta Deva

I have purposely taken up this case so that astrologers do not carried away with the notion that once a person is born with the ninth lord in a deva aṁśa he is definitely going to be spiritual. Planetary placements in the ninth house will make a big difference.

The ninth lord is Mercury and it is placed in the seventh house in a malefic sign Aries conjunct malefics Mars & Sun. Mercury although a natural benefic planet becomes a malefic due to conjunction implying that the native, through circumstances and experiences may change his attitudes, principles etc, completely. Mercury is also placed in Manuśya aṁśa indicating that greed can be a big failing and when such a versatile Mercury has the conjunction of Mars and the Sun, the greed for power and domination will completely shadow his intellect. This is made worse by the Śakti yoga in the ninth house with Jupiter (world peace) getting destroyed.
Example 6: Śrī Prabhupāda

Let us say we wish to determine the Lagna of Śrī Prabhupāda, the founder of ISKCON and are in a dilemma as to whether Capricorn or Sagittarius is the lagna. Then compare the ninth lords and ninth houses in both charts.
Date: September 1, 1896; Time: 15:24:00; Time Zone:5:53:00 (East of GMT) ;
Place: 88 E 22’00”, 22 N 32 ’00”

Body Longitude Nakshatra Pada Rasi Navamsa
Lagna 28 Sq 28’ 40.30” USha 1 Sq `Sq Manushya
Sun-Mk 16 Le 59’ 15.18” PPha 2 Le Vi Deva
Moon-AmK 27 Ta 46’ 43.16” Mrig 2 Ta Vi Deva
Mars-PiK 16 Ta 55’ 51.78” Rohi 3 Ta Ge Deva
Mercury-PK 11 Vi 05’ 46.78” Hast 1 Vi Ar Raakshasa
Jupiter-GK 2 Le 01’ 33.88” Makh 1 Le Ar Manushya
Venus- Dk 1 Vi 45’ 56.36” UPha 2 Vi Cp Raakshasa
Saturn-BK 21 Li 47’ 09.29” Visa 1 Li Ar Deva
Rahu-AK 1 Aq 09’ 58.52” Dhan 3 Aq `Li Manushya

It the lagna is Sagittarius, then the ninth lord Sun is in deva aṁśa whereas if the lagna is Capricorn, the ninth lord is Mercury placed in Rākṣasa aṁśa. Given the high spiritual status of Prabhupāda as the ācārya and a sanyāsa, it is difficult to accept the lagna as Capricorn. There are other issues involved with the placement of planets in the ninth house, and these can also be examined. However, this is an Illustration of the intelligent use of the placement of the ninth lord and the divisional deities. In any case, this is an indicator and cannot be the final say.
Navāṁśa is nakṣatra pada
The Moon takes about 27 days (rounded off) to traverse the zodiac and the 360 degrees of the zodiac divided by 27 defines the span of a nakṣatra as 13°20’. The Moon is the significator of the fourth house, which rules the conscious mind and happiness. It is noteworthy that the navāṁśa and nakṣatra pada are exactly similar divisions of the zodiac. The four pada of every nakṣatra are mapped into fiery, earthy, airy and watery signs in the navāṁśa in that order. Fiery signs are the dharma trikoṇa, earthy signs are the artha trikoṇa, airy signs are the kāma trikoṇa and watery signs are the mokṣa trikoṇa. Hence the first pada of every nakṣatra that gets mapped into a fiery sign in navāṁśa is called dharma. The second pada is called artha due to the mapping into an earthy navāṁśa, the third pada is called kāma due to mapping into airy navāṁśa and the fourth pada is called mokṣa due to mapping into watery navāṁśa.

We don’t have to bother about calculating the nakṣatra pada wherein the planets are placed and can simply look at the navāṁśa signs they occupy and determine the āyana (goal seeking mental attitude) as dharma (fiery), artha (earthy), kāma (airy) and mokṣa (watery). These four tattva agni (fire), prthvi (earth), vāyu (air) and jala (water) have a predefined relationship called kulākula.

Element Friends Neutral Enemy
Vāyu (air) Agni (fire) Jala (water) Pṛthvi (earth)
Agni (Fire) Vāyu (Wind) Pṛthvi (earth) Jala (water)
Pṛthvi (Earth) Jala (Water) Agni (fire) Vāyu (air)
Jala (Water) Pṛthvi (Earth) Vāyu (air) Agni (fire)

It has often intrigued me as to what could be the real implication of such a division and of what use is this knowledge. Some of my findings[4] have been that the various bodies’ play a crucial role in determining the āyana (goals/directions) based on

  1. Nature i.e. the goal indicated by the planet is as per the natural element. The navāṁśa occupancy of the Moon is crucial in determining motivation.
  2. Based on its rāsi position i.e. if a planet is in a water sign, then as far as the particular planet is concerned, the water navāṁśa shall be dharma, the fire navāṁśa shall be artha and so on. This could be one of the reasons for the planet getting such strength such strength due to occupancy of a vargottama ravāmśa.

The Parāsara method of bhāva rekoning uses the longitude of the ascendant to be the same for all houses i.e. each house spans 30 degrees and the bhāva spreads 15° on either side of the cusp of the house which is called Bhāva Madhya (lit. house middle). Based on this concept of the house, the rising navāṁśa of any bhāva is determined by a simple formula:

{(Bhāva number-1) ×9} +1 reckoned from the rising navāṁśa.

House Calculation Navāṁśa House in D-9 Chart[5]
1st =(1-1)×9+1 =1st 1
2nd =(2-1)×9+1 =10th 10
3rd =(3-1)×9+1 =19th 7
4th =(4-1)×9+1 =28th 4
5th =(5-1)×9+1 =37th 1
6th =(6-1)×9+1 =46th 10
7th =(7-1)×9+1 =55th 7
8th =(8-1)×9+1 =64th 4
9th =(9-1)×9+1 =73rd 1
10th =(10-1)×9+1 =82nd 10
11th =(11-1)×9+1 =91st 7
12th =(12-1)×9+1 =100th 4
  1. The house cusps of the rāśi chart are mapped into the quadrant houses. 1, 4, 7, & 10 in the navāṁśa chart. Instead of having to count navāṁśa, we can simply take the lordship of the quadrants of the navāṁśa chart as the lords of the concerned trine houses of the rāśi chart.
  2. The 1st ,5th and 9th houses of the rāśi chart are mapped into the 1st house of the navāṁśa chart. Thus, the lord of navāṁśa lagna will be the dispositor of the 1st , 5th and 9th house cusps (dharma trikoṇa) and will have a vital say in their affairs.
  3. Similarly, the cusp of the 8th house is in the 64th navāṁśa called the Khāra navāṁśa. This is the most evil navāṁśa and its lord is called the Khāreśa. This is the lord of the 4th house in the navāṁśa chart and can cause death or all kinds of suffering. Similarly, the lord of the 64th navāṁśa from the Moon in the rāśi chart is the lord of the 4th house from the Moon sign in the navāṁśa chart. This planet can bring diseases based on its kauluka (śaṣṭāmśa) while the navāṁśa lord of the Moon ensures good health if strong.
  4. Since the 4th & 12th house cusps (mokṣa trikoṇa) are also mapped into the 4th house in the navāṁśa chart, a planet placed in the 4th house in the navāṁśa will have a strong influence on residence and spirituality related matters.
  5. The artha trikoṇa (2,6 & 10 houses of rāśi chart) are mapped into the 10th house of the navāṁśa chart and for this reason, the seers advise that natural benefic planets placed in the tenth house in the navāṁśa give stable finances while natural malefic planets so placed will cause fluctuation of wealth.
  • If there is even one natural benefic planet is the tenth house in the navāṁśa chart and such a planet associates in some manner with the eleventh house from the āruḍha lagna in the rāsi chart, then the worship of the devatā (deity) of the planet will bring monetary gains.
  • Similarly, if a natural malefic planet is placed in the 10th house in the navāṁśa and is also associated in some manner with the twelfth house from the āruḍha lagna in the rāśi chart, then the use of gemstones of such a planet can cause financial losses.
  • The social life comprising of friends (11th house), co-born (3rd house), spouse (7th house) and overall social interaction called the Kāma trikoṇa is mapped into the 7th house of the navāṁśa chart. A natural benefic owning the 7th house shows a good attitude towards relationships while a malefic ownership shows the need for attitude correction. Malefic planets placed in the 7th house will cause considerable strain in relationships and the native may become a recluse while natural benefic planets placed therein shall give their healing touch.
  • If a natural benefic planet is placed in the seventh house in the navāṁśa and is in some manner connected to the Upapāda or the seventh house in the rāśi chart, then worship of the devatā (deity) of the planet shall cause excellent relationship with spouse. If such a benefic is instead, connected with the dārāpada then it can either indicate excellent relationships in business or some such relationships that are very satisfying.
  • If a natural malefic planet is placed in the seventh house, then the relationships suffer and if such a planet is connected with the second house from Upapāda or the eight house from lagna in the rāśi chart, then it brings about a break in marriage and can also cause physical suffering to the spouse. If instead the malefic planet in the seventh house associates with the śatrupada (A6) in the rāśi chart, then it shows that ones relationships/friendships may be converted into enmity by the planet, In this manner, the association of the malefic planet in the rāśi chart shall show the area of life where the negativity shall be felt.


[1] The ownership of individual divisions & signs by planets has been mentioned in traditional literature.
भीमाच्छविच्चन्दरविज्ञशुकंवकेज्यमंदार्कमरेज्याः। मेषादिभानामधिपाः कमेण तदंशकानामपि ते भवेयुः॥ Sarvārtha Chintāmaṇi (śloka 1.06)
Trans: Mars, Venus, Merc, Moon, Sun, Merc, Ven, Mars, Jup, Saturn, Saturn & Jupiter are the lords of the 12 Rāśi’s reckoned from Aries. These planets (in the said order also) lord the aṁśa (divisions).
कजभृगुबुधेन्दुविशिशिसुतरुधिरर्यमन्दशनिजिवाः। गृह्पा नवभागानामजमृगतुल्कर्कटाधाश्च॥ Kalyāṇavermā (Sārāvalī śloka 3.11)
[2] दं (daṁ) is the Dattātreya and Durgā haṁsaḥ whereas दां (dāṁ) is the Dattātreya bīja mantra and दुं (duṁ) is the Durgā bīja mantra.
[3] JP XIV-63,89,93,94,95 etc.
[4] This is my personal observation and does not have the support of the classical literature.
[5] Simply divide the navāmśa number by 12 and take the remainder.


  • D60 Chart;
  • Mṛdu-Krūra ṣaṣṭiāṁśa;
  • Birth karma indications;
  • Blessings for Baby;
  • Rāśi-Tūlya-Aṁśa RTA;
  • Aṁśa-Tūlya-Rāśi ATR;
  • Uttama Graha;
  • Parivartana in D60 Chart

We start by learn Vedic Math for easy calculation of D60 from Ṣoḍaśavarga Śloka 33

शुभषष्टयंशसंयुक्ता ग्रहाः शुभफलप्रदाः।
क्रूरषष्ट्यंशासंयुक्ता नाशयन्ति खचारिणः॥ ४१॥
śubhaṣaṣṭayaṁśasaṁyuktā grahāḥ śubhaphalapradāḥ |
krūraṣaṣṭyaṁśāsaṁyuktā nāśayanti khacāriṇaḥ || 41||
Translation: When planets occupy śubha (auspicious) ṣaṣṭiāṁśa, they give very good results (due to their beneficence). When they occupy krūra (malefic) ṣaṣṭiāṁśa, they are destroyed (and their maleficence is felt).
  1. The devatā do not decide whether a ṣaṣṭiāṁśa is saumya or krūra (benefic or malefic). The devatā is only the agent of God.
  2. The planets and their dignity in signs and houses in D60 Chart decides the beneficence or maleficence of the devatā. Planets indicate the karma of past life upon which the devatā acts.
  3. Krūra graha, krūra bhāva, krūra devatā is the worst combination; mṛdu devatā would be less willing to harm
  4. Generally two words ‘mṛdu’ (soft, good, benevolent) and krūra (harsh, challenging, malefic) are used to describe ṣaṣṭiāṁśa and devatā

What are the implications and how do we actually use all this? We learn this in the Video Lessons.

Ṣaṣṭiāṁśa Usage

Ṣaṣṭiāṁśa Devata

Ṣaṣṭiāṁśa Past Life Starter

Pt.Sanjay Rath
Sanjay Rath belongs to a traditional family of astrologers from Bira Balabhadrapur Sasan village of Puri, Orissa, which trace their lineage back to Shri Achyuta Das (Sri Achyutananda).
Students: sanjay.rath@...


  • Nitin Bhanap +19195392537 Nitin Bhanap is an IT professional turned Vedic astrologer by the grace of Guruji (Pt. Sanjay Rath). Nitin is originally from Bombay, Maharashtra and now based in Raleigh USA. Nitin comes from a family of astrologers and Jyotiṣa was part of his early life because of his father and grandfather who had a career in corporate world, however practiced Jyotisa to help and guide people. Nitin pursued his interest in Jyotisa by reading many books, however after meeting Guruji (Pt Sanjay Rath), at the Someshwara Shiva temple prāṇa pratiṣṭhā in Ashveille NC, USA, Nitin found his Jyotiṣa Guru (Pt. Sanjay Rath). Nitin’s early life was spent in boarding school and then in Mumbai, where he completed his Master’s in Mathematics and then left for USA at the age of 23 to pursue career in IT and is still living in USA with his wife and one daughter. Nitin worked for many large corporations in USA and now has taken up Jyotisa seriously by volunteering to leave his professional career at Verizon to pursue Jyotisa studies further under guidance of Guruji (Pt. Sanjay Rath). Nitin joined Parāśara 5-year course under tutelage of Pt. Sanjay Rath in 2012 and completed his Jyotisa Paṇḍita certification in 2016 and now in the 3rd year of Jaimini Jyotisa under Pt. Sanjay Rath. Nitin has also currently enrolled Mantra Shastra course and continuing pursuing his Jaimini studies. Nitin continues to practice Jyotisa by guiding many young and middle-aged adults about their careers, marriage, children and many other areas of life. Nitin does the Jyotiṣa practice as an offering to Mahadev as Shiva is Parameṣṭhi Guru and the ocean of all knowledge Nitin is also learning Advaita Vedanta from Chinmaya mission and is currently serving as President of Chinmaya mission Raleigh Durham. As a part of Chinmaya mission, Nitin teaches Vedanta to young high school children on Sunday’s and organizes many spiritual discourses on Vedanta by inviting Chinmaya mission Swamiji’s from different US centers as a part of his seva to the Raleigh Durham community

  • Kaartik Gor +971555532511 Kaartik Gor is a professional Vedic Astrologer, originally from Somnath, Gujarat and now based in Dubai. Kaartik comes from a family of priests and Jyotiṣa was part of his life since early days though he got interested after meeting his Gurudev. His early life was spent in Gujarat and later Mumbai where he completed his Engineering and later worked with corporate giants in their Sales and later as a Project Manager in Mumbai & Dubai. He later migrated to Dubai in 2002 and is now based there, though he consults and teaches globally via his webinar, conferences and personal contact classes. He also writes for leading publications and was instrumental in many positive changes related to Vedic scriptures in the GCC region. Kaartik Gor considers himself to be very fortunate and takes pride to be amongst the first direct students of his Gurudev (as he like to address him) Pt. Sanjay Rath. He strongly feels “Knowledge is Shiva” and takes pride in being associated with a tradition which dates back to 2500 years! He strongly feels that Jyotiṣa is his road to attain moksha since it gives him an opportunity to heal souls and make his life worthwhile. Teaching Jyotiṣa is something he enjoys a lot and being a young Turk likes to make it easy for Beginners to understand and implement the knowledge in their day to day life. He is a firm believer that knowledge should be applicable else its waste of time! Kaartik has been part of all major programs conducted by his Gurudev and has been associated with him for approx. 2 decades during which he is now a Jaimini Scholar, Jyotiṣa Pandita (Brihat Parashara Hora Shastra), Mantra Shastra among others. He still likes to call himself a Beginner and strongly advocates what his Gurudev told him “Knowledge is an Ocean, Start Swimming”. He truly believes that best Gurus are those who make best friends and likes to be grounded and approachable. His mission is to spread this brilliant Vedic knowledge globally and work tirelessly to achieve it, no mood to rest On a personal note he loves taking care of Cows and does his bit for them. He also loves music, singing, watching movies and playing squash!